Laying a patio looks more difficult than it really is, and could easily be a great long weekend project. It requires a strong back and some basic garden tools, but the result is a level and useful patio for years to come!

Tools & Materials

  • Chisel
  • Mallet
  • Level
  • Shovel
  • Stakes & String
  • Safety Glasses/Gloves
  • Tamper (can be rented from your local hardware store)
  • Broom
  • Crushed Screening
  • Sand
  • Patio Slabs/Stone

Step 1
Mark the proposed area for excavation, either with spray paint or stakes. Excavate the entire area to an approximate depth of 4”-6”

Step 2
Fill excavated area with approximately 4” of screening

Step 3
Compact screening with a vibrating plate tamper. This will provide a firm base and allow water to drain from beneath the patio slabs or stones

Step 4
Complete your base by adding 1” of bedding sand, maintaining a 2”s lope approximately every 10 feet – away from your foundation wall or from your previously determined slope direction

Step 5:
Lay 1 to 2 rows of Patio Stones. Check the grade with a level every 2 rows to ensure proper drainage.

Step 6:
Continue laying Patio Stones in the desired pattern. Sweep sand into joints, and sweep off remaining sand!


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